Url as supplementary information only when the reader cannot locate the source without it or when your instructor requires it research tip: as you proceed with your research, print the first page of any electronic source you will be citing in your paper this printed copy will usually include the date of access and other. This guide provides basic information on how to cite sources and examples for formatting citations in common citation styles developed by the american psychological association, this style is most widely used for research papers in psychology and social sciences citing a source in this style consists of two parts:. Offers examples for the general format of mla research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the works cited page the source information required in a parenthetical citation depends (1) upon the source for electronic and internet sources, follow the following guidelines: include in the text. Electronic commerce research and applications aims to create and disseminate enduring knowledge for the fast-changing e-commerce environment a major dilemma in e-commerce research is how to achieve a balance between the currency and the life span of knowledge electronic most downloaded articles. Again, you should find out the disciplinary protocols for citing such nonprint sources by consulting a citation style manual, such as the mla handbook or the chicago manual of instant access to global electronic information through computers and the internet is having a significant impact on the way we conduct research. How to cite electronic information - jim vileta's business research launch pad for labovitz school of business and economics.
About the mla handbook the mla handbook for writers of research papers describes a set of conventions that govern the written presentation of research e-mail: jones, samantha “preview of this week's agenda” e-mail to shirley smith 8 jan 1997 for more information and guidelines for citing electronic sources. General principles for citing us government documents in student research papers in mla or apa format, along with examples by type of document owl: purdue online writing lab provides a section research and citation that covers citation format information for the chicago manual of style, mla. Mla (modern language association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities this resource, updated to reflect the mla handbook (8th ed), offers examples for the general format of mla research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and. The present study is citation analysis of articles appeared in the online journal, information research: an international electronic journal (ir) during the period 2008-2012 the maximum number of articles (57) as well as maximum number of citations (2324) was published in 2008 the average number of.
This section contains information on the chicago manual of style method of document formatting and citation these resources follow the citing electronic journals generally follows the same format for printed periodicals, which is explained in the journals section additionally, entries include the doi or. The most common formatting is presented in the sections below: margins text formatting heading and title running head with page numbers placement of the list of works cited tables and illustrations paper and printing corrections and insertions on printouts binding a printed paper electronic submission.
Apa style these owl resources will help you learn how to use the american psychological association (apa) citation and format style this section contains resources on in-text citation and the references page, as well as apa sample papers, slide presentations, and the apa classroom poster. With such imprecision, there's no sense in citing a day or a month, as you would do when citing a blog comment, so just cite the publication year a random comment from an unidentified youtube user, such as the one above, is likely not appropriate in a research paper that coalesces expert opinions on. When writing a research paper, in text citation is essential to use to accredit other researchers. In turn, in its 4th edition (published 1994) the apa's manual incorporated their style as its standard for citing electronic information (sec 3102 and appendix 3-a , sec i electronic media, examples 72-7) li and crane had some influence on joseph gibaldi, mla handbook for writers of research papers, 4th ed (new york:.
The following examples are based on information provided in the publication manual of the american psychological association, six edition or, access the downloadable pdf file entire book author, a a, & author, b b (year) title of work: subtitle (edition) location: publisher editor. Item 92 - 11501 a research paper requires searching for information pertinent to a given subject, organizing it, and presenting it effectively in written form the required format meets the accepted practices cited in li and crane (1993), a reference that is currently considered the best authority on citing electronic sources. Scholarly articles are usually the most appropriate source of information for academic research searching for articles full-text articles are found in two main formats: print and electronic the ub libraries have vast collections of print journals and also provide electronic access to even larger numbers.